New Technologies for Low Cost Rural Electrification

The Africa Rural and Renewable Energy Initiative.
Which are the key elements in the program ?
How much does standard rural electrification systems cost ?
What can be done to lower costs ?
Which are the todays alternatives to standard approaches ?
Which new technologies could be applied ?
What developments are needed to mainstream low cost options ?
Is there room for innovative engineering ?
Sten Bergman

Sten Bergman was former responsible for the power system research supported by Elforsk. Now he is employed at the Worldbank in Washington D.C. with a special responsibility of the rural electrification of the third world, with emphasis on southern Africa.